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University of Phoenix Material Appendix F Paragraphs and Topic Sentences Part I: Review the four paragraphs below. There is one paragraph matching each of the following types: summary, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Once you have read each paragraph, complete the following chart to identify the paragraph types. Underline the topic sentence in each paragraph. Paragraph Type of Paragraph 1ANALYZING 2SUMMARIZING 3EVALUATING 4SYNTHESIZING 1. Alice Doe’s article discussed overlooked tax deductions.

It talked about some of the most commonly missed deductions. Whereas her use of statistics seemed to bolster her arguments, it would have been nice to see her elaborate more about the specific deductions missed. She could have talked about what recourse, if any, a filer would have once he or she realized there was an overlooked deduction. She also should have focused more on why the deductions were overlooked, as that would have made the article more effective. 2. Alice Doe informs us of ways that we can reduce our yearly tax obligations.

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Based on studies she cited, there were cases in which some tax filers were unaware of various deductions they were eligible to claim. In some cases, those deductions would have saved the tax filers hundreds or even thousands of dollars. Some of the common missed deductions, according to Alice Doe, were the mortgage deduction, the energy efficiency deduction, and the charitable donation deduction. 3. In “Unclaimed Deductions,” Alice Doe wrote about the most commonly overlooked deductions when filing a 1040 tax return. She provided information about the total number of missed deductions.

In a separate article, “The Challenges of Estimating Tax Revenue,” Phyllis Phoenix talked about a number of reasons why estimated tax revenue may be a challenge. She did not discuss the points made by Doe. It is possible that much of the difference between tax revenue received and estimated tax revenue may be explained by looking at the additional revenue generated by overlooked deductions. 4. When reading Alice Doe’s article, “Unclaimed Deductions,” there are a few key points made that are worthy of further consideration.

The first point is that the rules for deductions change from year to year. This leads to the second point, that those changes are not always as effectively communicated as they could be. These two points lead us to better understand why there are many unclaimed tax deductions each year. Part II: Write one paragraph explaining the key differences between the four types of writing (summary, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation). Underline the topic sentence in the paragraph. The key differences between summary, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation are suprisingly easy to remember.

One thing you have to know about each of these different types of writing is that all of them will be put into different paragraphs in an essay. To be able to tell them apart you need to know that summarizing is just your basic understanding of the paragraphs content. Also analyzing meaning is your ability to identify its points and parts, synthesizing means that you relate it to other information and experiences. Finally the fourth part of writing is evaluating and it means your abiltity to judge the topic’s effectness.

Part III: Write two paragraphs about how interest rates affect people’s purchasing decisions. Underline the topic sentence in each paragraph. Interest rates affect our purchases in a couple different ways. If taking out a loan, then a lower interest rate is obviously preferred to minimize your long term expenditure. If viewing an investment prospectus, the return on investment is often represented as an interest rate and a higher value is preferred to maximize your earnings. Interest rates are what you pay for the use of someone else’s money.

When the intrest rates are low you pay less for the money and can afford to buy more, if you buy based on payments. Say you buy a car for $20,000 and finance it at 10% interest, (no down payment in this example) your payments would be $425/month for 60 months (5 years). At the end of 5 years you would have paid a total of $25,496 in car payments. $20,000 for the car and $5,496 for the rent on the money. If you can finance the car for 5%, you can buy a $22,518 car for the same monthly payment. You pay the same over 5 years, and have a better car since only $2,978. 53 would go for the interest or rent on the money.

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