What are the main goals of cognitive neuropsychology? This essay will be looking into the aims and uses of cognitive neuropsychology. Cognitive psychology first emerged in the 1970’s, Cognitive psychology can be defined as the branch of psychology that studies mental processes. These processes include functions such as how people think,speak, perceive, remember and learn.
As part of the larger field of cognitive science, this branch of psychology is related to other disciplines including neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics. Neuropsychology is the branch of psychology which investigates the relationship between basic neurophysiological (the brain) processes and mental functions or behaviour such as language, memory, and perception. Neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system.
Neuropsychology was born in the 1980’s and exploded into the scene where a huge range of neuroimaging techniques were created from the 1980’s all the way through to the 2000’s. Therefore, cognitive neuropsychology is a combination of cognitive psychology and neuropsychology and can be defined as the branch of psychology that aims to understand the relationship between the structure and function of the brain and psychological processes such as thinking ect.
Cognitive neuropsychology looks particularly into the effects brain damage or neurological illnesses have on cognitive functions with a aim to infer models of normal cognitive functioning. (So aim is to find out what normal brain functioning is or looks like). This essay will be looking into the main goals of cognitive psychology. But one can also learn about cognitive systems by studying ways in which they break down after brain damage: and this is the approach known as cognitive neuropsychology.
So cognitive neuropsychology is a subfield of cognitive psychology, distinguished by the feature that it studies people with disorders of perception, attention, learning, memory, processing of spoken and written language, thinking, reasoning or belief formation, with the aim of learning more about the normal functional architectures of the cognitive processing systems used to carry out these activities cognitive neuropsychology aims to just study the mind and not the brain, base their work purely on what part of the brain is linked to what function and do not study brain mechanisms associated with cognitive processes “The term cognitive neuropsychology often connotes a purely functional approach to patients with cognitive deficits that does not make use of, or encourage interest in, evidence and ideas about brain systems and processes”. Scachter (1992, p. 56). One main goal o cognitive neuropsychology is lesion localisation.