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The use of the atomic bombs on Japan was necessary
for the revenge of the Americans. These bombs took
years to make due to a problematic equation. The
impact of the bombs killed hundreds of thousands
of people and the radiation is still killing
people today. People today still wonder why the
bombs were dropped. If these bombs werent dropped
on the Japanese the history of the world would
have been changed forever. The Atomic bomb took 6
years to develop (1939-1945) for scientists to
work on a equation to make the U-235 into a bomb.
The most complicated process in this was trying to
produce enough uranium to sustain a chain
reaction.

The bombs used on the cities cost about
$2 billion to develop, this also making the U.S.
wanting to use them against Japan. Hiroshima was a
major military target and we have spent 2 billion
dollars on the greatest scientific gamble in
history- and won. (3) The bomb dropped on
Hiroshima weighted 4.5 tons and the bomb used on
Nagasaki weighted 10 kilotons. On July 16, 1945,
the first ever atomic bomb was tested in the Jamez
Mountains in Northern New Mexico, code named
Gadget. The single weapon ultimately dropped on
Hiroshima, nicknamed Little Boy, produced the
amount of approximately twenty- thousand tons of
TNT, which is roughly seven times greater than all
of the bombs dropped by all the allies on all of
Germany in 1942. The first Japanese City bomb was
Hiroshima on August 6, 1945.

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An American B-29
bomber, named Enola Gay, flown by the pilot Paul
W. Tibbets, dropped the Little Boy uranium atomic
bomb. Three days later a second bomb named Fat
Boy, made of plutonium was dropped on the Japanese
city of Nagasaki. After being released, it took
approximately one minute for Little Boy to reach
the point of explosion, which was about 2,000
feet. The impact of the bombs on the cities and
people was massive. Black rain containing large
amounts of nuclear fallout fell as much as 30km
from the original blast site.

A mushroom cloud
rose to twenty thousand feet in the air, and sixty
percent of the city was destroyed. The shock wave
and its reverse effect reached speeds close to
those of the speed of sound. The wind generated by
the bombs destroyed most of the houses and
buildings within a 1.5 mile radius. Within the
four square miles destroyed by the bomb in
Hiroshima, 48,000 buildings out of a total of
76,000 were completely demolished. The raging
fires, lasting several days after the bombing
destroyed much more. A mile from the explosion
center, where the wind velocity was 190 miles per
hour and the pressure was 1,180 pounds per square
feet, all brick buildings were completely
destroyed.

The people who entered the area within
a half-mile radius from explosion center in the
first 100 hours after the explosion were also
affected by the remaining radiation on the ground.
It was a kind of hell on earth, and those who died
instantly were among the more fortunate. Thousands
died- vaporized, crushed or burned. But there were
tens of thousands more who were still alive and
those who could move began to mill around the
city, seeking relief from shock, fire, and pain.
Thousands threw themselves into the Ota River,
which would be awash with corpses by the end of
the day. (32) By 1946 the 2 bombs caused deaths of
as many as 240,000 people and the death tolls for
1950 were at 340,000 in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. If
the U.S. had chosen not to use the atomic bomb on
Japan there death rate would have been lower, but
the U.S.s death rate would be close to the
millions.

This making the use of the atomic bombs
a good idea in our sense. The droppings of the
bombs dont have an exact reasoning. On August
6,1945 atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese
cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These two bombs
quickly made the Japanese surrender and ended the
involvement of Americans in World War II. The U.S.
wanted to demonstrate to the Soviets the awesome
power that they would be dealing with once the war
was over. Nagasaki, a ship building city was of no
military significance, and mainly consisted of
civilians.

Part of being responsible for our
actions is knowing what our choices are and living
with our decisions. Choosing to hit the snooze
alarm can send shock waves through the rest of
your life. (11). If the U.S. had demonstrated the
A-bomb to Japan, history and warfare may have
changed and been affected tremendously. The
Americans believed Japan would never surrender.

If
the bomb had not been dropped thousands of
Americans lives could have been lost in an
invasion of Japan. Pressure to drop the bombs came
from these three major categories: military,
domestic, and diplomatic. As in most military
conflicts, there was and effort to establish the
Americans as being superior to the Japanese.
Nagasaki was chosen as a target because it was a
major naval and shipbuilding center. At the time
of the bombing, the Nagasaki shipyards were the
largest privately owned shipyards in Japan.
Although the U.S. argued that there were a limited
number of bombs available, and that it would be a
waste of money, people thought they still should
have demonstrated what the A-bomb would in fact do
to Japan. Truman and others believed the invasion
of the Japanese mainland would be extremely
costly, and that making the bomb as a military
weapon whose use was fully condoned and never
questioned.

At no time, from 1941 to 1945, did I
ever hear it suggested by the President, or any
other responsible member of the government, that
atomic energy should not be used in the war. (23)
Prior to the dropping of the A-bomb on Hiroshima,
Truman had somewhat of an idea that Japan was on
the verge of surrendering. On August 14, 1945 the
Japanese surrendered unconditionally and the war
in Asia ended. Bibliography:.

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