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Albert Einstein was a famous scientist, writer and
professor. He was born in Ulm, Germany, on March
24,1879. As a child, Einstein wasn’t like the
other boys: he hated school but loved math. He was
shy, and talked very slowly. He didn’t participate
in sports but instead played with mechanical toys,
put together jigsaw puzzles, built towers and
studied nature. At school and home he would ask
many questions and because of that everybody
thought he was dumb.

Once when he was sick in bed,
his father Herman, bought him a compass; and
Albert asked “Why does the needle point to the
north?” His father didn’t know the answer. Herman
was calm, friendly and had a black mustache.
Einstein also had a brother, Jakob. Studied
electrical machinery firm financed by the Kocks.
Pauline, Einstein’s mother was a cultured women
and an excellent pianist. Pauline encouraged
Einstein to study the violin along with his
scientific ambitions. There was a strong physical
resemblance between Einstein and his younger
sister Maja, and the two had a close relationship
throughout their lives. Maja, also a pianist,
married Paul Winteler Einstein childhood friend,
Paul Winteler, in 1910 and later moved to the
United States.

When Einstein was older, he
invented electric eye. He also was asked to be the
president of Israel, but he refused. When Einstein
was a teen-ager he was very interested in science.
When he wanted to relax he would play the violin
which he started playing at the age of six. The
kocks, his mother’s family, and the Einstein had
lived in Southern Germany for more than a century,
selling cloth, farming, and clerking in banks.
During their free hours they enjoyed boating on
the Danube Both families were Jewish . In 1880,
when Albert was one year old, his father’s
business failed and the family moved to Munich,
the capital of Bavaria A heavily catholic city, it
featured art galleries, breweries and a
university. Einstein’s father Herman.

managed an
electrical machinery firm which was financed
partly by the Kock family. Einstein’s mother
Pauline, was a cultured woman and excellent
pianist. She was 11 years younger than her
husband. Pauline not only motivated her son to
encouraged his scientific ambitions. When Einstein
was fifteen, his father’s business failed again,
and the family relocated in Italy, Milan. Einstein
stayed behind to complete his education, but soon
was asked to live school.

He eventually joined his
family in Italy. His parents continued to support
his scientific interests, however enabling him to
study at the ” Swiss Federal Polytechnic School,”
or “Swiss Federal Institute of At the institute,
Einstein met a petite, dark-haired Mileva Maric,
who excelled in mathematics. Albert and Mileva
were married on January 6, 1903. Although the
couple had two sons, Mileva was dissatisfied with
her life. She wanted either a career in her
husband’s work. After many years of disagreement,
the couple divorced in 1919, and Mileva became a
university teacher of mathematics.

Einstein kept
in touch with her and his sons, and in the early
20s, he gave Mileva his entire forty-five thousand
dollars Nobel Prize. Han’s Albert, Einsteins older
son, developed a good relationship with his
father. He became a good engineer, and when
Einstein moved to United States in 1933, Hans
Albert visited him often, ultimately setting here
with his own family. Einstein younger son Eduard,
began reading Shakespeare at the age of five. He
got his father permission to concentrated on music
and literature but did not achieve success. Eduard
later accused his father of ruining his life a
nervous breakdown.

Although Einstein rushed to
Switzerland when Eduard became ill, neither he nor
the psychiatrists were able to help. Eduard lived
with his mother until her death, when he was
placed in a mental institution. Einstein also
proved that matter and energy are really different
forms of the same thing, which is the Special
Theory of Relativity. Einstein’s General Theory of
Relativity showed that gravity, too, is relative.
Gravity is the force that attracts two bodies of
matter toward one another. This theory explained
that a person gaining speed would feel *a force
exactly like the pull of gravity. In a spaceship
without windows, that person would not be able to
tell if the ship had started too move faster, or
if it were being pulled by gravity from planet of
star.

In 1929. Einstein had doubts about whether
an atomic bomb could really be made. ON August 6,
1945, the United states dropped an atomic bomb on
Japan. Since this Einstein had believed the
conflict could be settled without restorting to
such a terrible weapon. “Oh weh!” he gasped. It
was cry of sorrow that went beyond words.

On
August 9, the United states drop a second bomb on
Japan, ending war. A new historical atomic age,
had been born, and no one knew better than
Einstein the threat it posed to human survival.
For the rest of his life, he worked to make sure
the bomb would never be used again. He served in
committees to inform the public about atomic
energy and the growing danger of weapons
development. In 1905 Einstein proposed his Special
Theory of Relativity. According to this theory,
people view time and space differently, depending
on their positions relative, or in relation, to
one another. For example, To a person standing at
the exact midpoint between two lamps, those lamps
might appear to flash at the same time.

But a
person passing by very quickly in a train would
see one lamp flash before the other. This happens
because the light from one lamp would reach that
person before the light from other lamp. Time,
then would be different for the two people.
Einstein had many opportunities to speak out about
causes in which he believed. One of those causes
was Zionism, the movement to create the Jewish
nation of Israel. Another was world peace. Many
times he urged the nations of the world to get rid
of their weapons.

Einstein is remembered as a
great scientist who worked hard to make the world
a better place for all people. Bibliography:.

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