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Annotated Bibliography “Broken window theory” Introduction: “Broken window theory” states that if a broken window is not quickly repaired, other windows will break, creating a sense of public apathy and neglect that attracts criminals. “The broken window theory” was good crime-fighting strategy that made people feel a little safer and was able to respect their fellow officers on foot rather than their patrol cars. The theory was brought into perspective to stop minor offenses and restoring greater order to prevent serious crimes. Annotated Bibliography Johnson, Carolyn. Break through on “broken windows theory”.

In Lowell experiment, crime linked to conditions. The Boston Globe, February 8, 2008 [1] The theory posits that if law enforcement entities to tolerate or fail to take seriously minor misdemeanor crime offenses, the potential criminals will recognize such tolerance or leniency which in turn leads to the commission of additional and possibly more serious crimes. The broken window theory argues that not taking seriously minor misdemeanor offenses such as graffiti, litter, and shattered glass will eventually lead to possibly more serious Grey2 rimes. That is so true; it sends a signal that no one cares about their neighborhood they would get tired of the little petty crime and move on to the bigger ones. If there isn’t any trash cans around it are more likely there will be litter because no one cared enough to put trash cans in the neighborhoods and enforce it. I feel as though it was a strategy that fixes problems when they are small, and so that the problems do not escalate so the residents don’t flee their neighborhoods.

The theory suggests that a disorderly environment sends a message that no one is in charge, increasing fear, weakening community controls and inviting criminal behavior”. Reading this statement and looking back at my community in Dorchester that is so true if cops are not patrolling the area people will do small crime knowing that they are less likely to get caught then move on to more serious crimes, and since a lot of the people in the community are in fear for their lives will not speak out against it. The Broken Window Theory”, was developed by political scientist James Q. Wilson and criminologist George Kelling in a 1982 article for The Atlantic Monthly. The theory was designed to make people feel safe in their community and to break down crime no matter how small or big. The idea of police officer on foot patrol was to strengthen public safety, and protect the community as well as the individuals living there. The foot patrol officers were able play a big role in the community and build trust with the citizens.

In some communities foot patrol was very effective because the citizens felt safe to leave their homes the drunks wouldn’t bother people and the pan handlers were less likely to attack knowing there is a police officer on patrol. When the foot patrol wasn’t around the citizens would Grey 3 Ridicule the violators because the foot patrol made sure that there was order which made the citizens also step in to reinforce what the foot patrol had enforced. So this is also called the monkey theory “Monkey see monkey do” if someone leads by example others will follow. Morin, Richard. A crack in the broken window-theory. The Washington post.

January 30, 2005. The broken window theory would have a zero tolerance policy minor misdemeanor crimes, which holds visible disorder that will foster more crimes. [i] If disorderly behavior and petty crime is not contained, the area will attract predatory criminals and lead to more serious crime problems. “The broken window theory”. (2006, January). Police department disciplinary bulletin: Special issues: community policing. In Boston heralded the community policing strategies, law enforcement officials have worked for more than 10 years to establish partnerships with community residents in some of the city’s worst crime-ridden neighborhoods.

Today, those partnerships are paying off in regular strategy sessions designed to help police not only curb crime, but also identify “impact players” that cause much of the problems in troubled neighborhoods. The broken window theory only played a big role in crime ridden neighborhoods. In the crime ridden neighborhoods of Boston the broken window theory fell though the crime rate had sky rocketed off the charts and then their main focus was more serious crime that is brings down the neighborhoods. ConclusionGrey 4

So from what I have read about the broken window theory, it is a good thing but it’s really not breaking down the big crimes, and the theory only worked well in certain neighborhoods. The next logical step is to extend the broken windows theory to other observed ‘unpublicized’ or ‘disordered’ setting and to broaden the concept of observation and risk taking behavior. Why would a lot of people take the broken window theory seriously if President Bush encouraged criminality of his agents? The broken window theory will not play a good role in a lot of neighborhoods ———————– ———————– [i]

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