Argentina is the second largest country in South America and is the eighth largest in the world. It is located in the southern most part of South America, and it is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Uruguay, Brazil, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean and Chile to the west and south. The total surface area of Argentina is about 1. 1 million square miles and 1. 1 percent of this area is water.
It is about 2,300 miles long from north to south, and almost 870 miles from east to west. The highest point is located in the province of Mendoza, which is the Cerro Aconcagua Mountain. This is the highest mountain in the America’s, and it is about 22,834 feet tall. The lowest point of Argentina is the Laguna del Carbon Lake in the Santa Cruz province, which is 344 feet below sea level. This is also the lowest point in South America.
The four main regions of Argentina are the fertile plains of the Pampas in the central part of the country, the plateau of Patagonia in the southern part down to Tierra del Fuego, the subtropical northern area of the Gran Chaco, and the rugged Andes Mountain range along the western border with Chile. The fertile Pampas have great agriculture and cattle grazing, the region of Patagonia is cool, with wooded and fertile areas, and the Gran Chaco region, is swampy and partly wooded.
Some of the major rivers in Argentina are the Paraguay, Bermejo, Colorado, Uruguay, and Parana. Of these five main rivers, the Parana River is the largest. Rivers such as the Uruguay and the Parana join together to form the estuary of the Rio de la Plata before reaching the Atlantic Ocean. The main lakes include the Argentino and Viedma in Santa Cruz, Nahuel Huapi between Rio Negro and Neuquen, and Fagnano in Tierra del Fuego. The weather in Argentina is fairly diverse.