President Herbert Hoover, a Republican, had control of the United States from 1929 to 1933, the beginning of the economic downfall. Hoover created a laissez-faire government; the government was not involved in everyday business, instead it was a very hands off approach and daily life just took its path. When Franklin D. Roosevelt became president in 1933 the economy was now deep in a huge downward spiral, and he raised a new Democratic approach to run the government and United States.
The United States was in for a lot of reform movements being that a Democrat was president, and something needed to be done to prevent the status of the United States to fail even more. Franklin D. Roosevelt responded to the problems of the Great Depression with an optimistic mindset. Roosevelt took the best approach he possibly could in order to preserve America. Clearly, Roosevelt’s responses such as, the New Deal, social security, development of the executive department and the Supreme Court were all effective in helping the Great Depression settle down. Every single thing that Franklin D.
Roosevelt did as president has drastically changed the role of the federal government. As a Democrat entering a Republican’s past position, all of FDR’s new ideas were new and different for the government and United States. Franklin D. Roosevelt turned our country around and brought the better side of the United States out during a time of hardships, his responses to the Great Depression were beyond successful. FDR proposed the New Deal to counteract the effects of the Great Depression. The New Deal granted loans, succeeded in reducing unemployment, and was ultimately created to help the economy.
One of the aspects of the New Deal that still lasts today is Social Security. (Document E) Social Security was advertised everywhere and was a huge success during the 1930s. Social Security ensures the elderly money for retirement, health care and other things. By creating this easily accessible new idea, people began to gain FDR’s trust which made the government work swiftly due to the support of the society. The money given out by the government due to Social Security is a huge step forward preparing people for the future and giving them some sort of hope.
In “The New Deal Review”, the author has seen huge improvements within the society and economy due to the government’s new strategies. Some improvements that were apparent by 1940 were the addition of new agencies, a more efficient executive department, and better Supreme Courts. All of which created a stronger and renovated government. One act that also strengthened the economy was the Federal Emergency Relief Act. This act helped to aid the unemployed by providing them with money directly. Franklin D.
Roosevelt formed nationalism within the United States that created an “invincible” environment. With all of FDR’s supporters it almost seemed like anything was possible. The political cartoon published in The Evening Star in 1934 shows Franklin D. Roosevelt giving society the “game plan”. This political cartoon gives the people hope, that the United States will use the foundation it has already created and build upon it to reform and create a better economy. When president Hoover was in office, segregation was still a major issue at hand.
As stated in “The Roosevelt Record”, The Crisis in 1940, this issue came to a head was when president Hoover decided to forbid “Negroes” from living in Boulder City and Norris, both government built towns. Once FDR became president he knew that there needed to be an end to all racism in order to create a strong nation. Roosevelt stressed the importance of the African American in society and tried to make others understand that they are people as well, and ought to be treated as equally as anyone else. Even with the economy in a horrible state, FDR managed to keep racism in the back of his mind.
With all of these crucial responses made by Franklin D. Roosevelt, the United States is headed in the right direction. Many different arguments emerged from Roosevelt’s New Deal. Some people believed that FDR was against the idea of business, they had no hope for the economy, and thought that the United States would be in debt forever. In the letter to Senator Robert Wagner, the author explains the unemployment rates, and how the government hasn’t done anything to stabilize the economy. In fact, the author believes that communism is arising and everything clashed together will lead to a “disaster to all classes”.
Meanwhile, Franklin Roosevelt was creating jobs to decrease unemployment rates, and he created the National Industrial Recovery Act, which proposed fair competition and collective bargaining for workers. The author of this letter is proven wrong because in fact, America did turn around, and FDR’s policies were ultimately extremely effective. The unemployment rate was brought up again in an NBC radio broadcast by John L. Lewis in 1936. This broadcast spoke about the “labor unrest”, the strikes that unemployment has provoked, and the major issue of huge corporations having the right of self-organization and collective bargaining.
Once again, Franklin Roosevelt may not be able to provide everyone with a job, but he is trying to create some so this rate goes down. As shown in the graph Unemployment of Nonfarm Workers by Percentage and Number between 1929 and 1941 the unemployment rate gradually decreased over time. Although there was a large output of money from the government in order for this to happen, it was for the better in the long run. In “The Hand of Improvidence” by William Lloyd Garrison Jr. it states that a huge amount of money was added to the national debt, but all of the money spent was absolutely necessary in creating a more picture perfect nation.
Yes, a lot of money was spent but it was to create new jobs, human relief, and public projects. Although there were some problems here and there with the New Deal, FDR’s policies laid the foundation for a more united, stronger nation. Franklin D. Roosevelt stepped into office during the worst economic time possible, yet he managed to turn it around and create the strong basis America needed to get out of this terrible time. His responses to the Great Depression were absolutely outstanding considering the state that the United States was in.
FDR’s New Deal created more jobs to decrease unemployment, and helped to stabilize the economy. He brought the nation together, and gave the society hope that the United States would be able to get through this hard time. His policies such as Social Security, the Economy Act, the Federal Emergency Relief Act and the National Industrial Recovery Act were all effective in helping America out of its recession. They were extremely effective being that they worked and led America in the right direction. The government began to get involved in the economy and society, guiding the United States in a positive way.